This versatile finish can be brushed, wiped on (padded), or sprayed. The stuff we can easily get here at the Home Depot, etc. I always thought of it as an old school finish for antiques and the like. Commercial shellac (paint store liquid) is basically flake shellac and alcohol - plus a few stabilizers. So you can have butanol or isobutanol. From the original questioner: Let the first coat of shellac dry for about four hours. Swingman 2010-02-14 21:42:13 UTC. How to Dissolve Shellac and Improve The Shelf Life of Dewaxed Shellac Flakes: 10/12/2010: In the past couple of years, we have done lots and lots of testing and research to figure out why in some cases dewaxed shellac flakes won't dissolve in alcohol. Low grade alcohol solvents can cause shellac blushing. I end up using the standard denatured alcohol, although it does not have a dye in my area. Which will dry out first? A 3 lb. Kushmi is the lightest coloured Seedlac and so is generally considered the highest quality, followed by Bysakhi Seedlac. From contributor T: If you have ever used shellac, I imagine you know that it’s available in two forms: as a liquid in cans you buy at paint stores and home centers, and as flakes you buy from woodworking suppliers. Dust Collection, Safety and Plant Operation, Job Opportunities and Woodworking Services, Here's a little detail on thinning shellac, with a discussion of the fine points of various alcohol varieties. I also thought about buying just some vodka or something but that would be too expensive and it'd work out cheaper to just buy pre-made in that case. of shellac flakes dissolved in 16 oz. Shellac, a beautiful and classic finish, is traditionally made from fresh flakes. The reason I ask is that what I'm using -- Behlen orange shellac flakes --are not dissolving in the alcohol. Dewaxed Blonde Shellac is popular with artisans. Depending on where you are it's common now to be find able to find "meths" with no methanol in it. of alcohol). ", "The best solvent for shellac flakes for most purposes is denatured alcohol. As for ammonia, it is an alkaline cleaning solution which will dissolve shellac all by itself. Shellac flakes are most often dissolved in ethyl alcohol. Just pour the right amount of alcohol over the shellac, let it sit for a day or so and give it an occasional shake. Why? Shellac.net Wood Finish Supply & Merit industries.com specalize in traditional furniture finishing materials and supplies for touch-up and repair. Related searches. Rubbing alcohol ls is usually around 70% which is kinda low.Vodka, usually 40% is way too diluted. Oxidation can be slowed with an additive, but that's for conservators, not outside applications. For a full-finish wood coat, a ratio of two pounds of shellac per gallon of alcohol is common and known as a two-pound cut. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Cookies help us deliver our Services. But once I settled on Tiger Flakes, I stuck with Tiger Flakes. It's easy to do. If you're still concerned get methyl hydrate which is wood alcohol. Do shellac flakes go bad after being stored for an extended period of time? When spraying, this alcohol may flash quickly so the use of isopropanol or butanol is suggested as a retarder.". For best … By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our use of cookies. Seal Coat is a 2 pound cut which is about max for brushing. 2. Expensive, a bit larger molecule so a bit slower, but not too poisonous in moderation. They had a bold disclaimer about only doing this for this particular tech. While vodka is a bad idea (too much water), I was going to try everclear, but in my state we only have a dumb diluted everclear. (Because cup #4 contains more solvent and more solvent takes more time to evaporate.). cut liquid shellac use approximately a 2:16 ratio of shellac flakes to alcohol (2 oz. Personally, I prefer using shellac in a stick form rather than flakes. It's a great site if you're interested in learning many things. It's a great site if you're interested in learning many things. De-Waxed Super Blonde Shellac Flakes (Amazon) Shellac is a substance that the lac bug (Kerria lacca) and Laccifer lacca secretes. Best guess is that I've had this container for about five years -- they seem to look just fine, but something is not right. Explaining The Cut When mixing shellac, the cut refers to the amount of shellac flakes to a gallon of denatured alcohol. So a 2 pound cut means there are 2 pounds mixed in one gallon of alcohol. Question As I remember, to get 95% ethyl alcohol up to 100%, some benzene was added and then this mixture was distilled to remove a water/benzene azeotrope. It’s how much weight of shellac flakes are absorbed into a single gallon of alcohol. "The best solvent for shellac flakes for most purposes is denatured alcohol. Can it be used as a sealer for exterior applications (front door)? Alcohol absorbs water from the atmosphere. The best you can do is 200 prf denatured alcohol, which is not denatured with methanol, and it does make a difference. Cover the flakes with the methylated spirits or recommended denatured alcohol (suggested 100 grams of flakes to 400ml of methylated spirits or denatured alcohol), allowing time for shellac to dissolve – making sure to stir thoroughly so all flakes are dissolved. Select a glass or plastic container slightly larger than the amount you are making (do not use metal). It’s also cheaper than denatured alcohol. Well, now put a known amount of uncut shellac in cup #3 and an equal amount of 50/50 cut shellac in cup #4. We stock MOHAWK and H. Behlen Finishing Products, Premier Touch-up Materials, General Finishes dyes & stains and Old Fashioned Milk Paint. )! Forum Responses or I can buy Isopropyl alcohol (also called rubbing alcohol?). A good grade of denatured alcohol (Behnkol) still contains some water. Apply the shellac generously. Don't know the labeling requirements in Canada. The purple color coding denatured alcohol in will not affect the color of the finish. 4.9 out of 5 stars 57. 2. In fact, I believe Zinnser recommends it for cleaning brushes. We then dissolve the flakes in alcohol to create liquid shellac. Apply an initial sealant. Do not use a metal container. I like consistency and predictability with my finishes. If you cut it to 1 1/4 or 1 1/2 lb with a good thinner, you should have more time. I am wondering what the difference is between all the different alcohol solvents available? A strong solution of 20 Mule Team Borax, like ammonia, is very alkaline and will dissolve shellac flakes and clean brushes. A 2-pound cut would be slightly thicker and provide a quicker build. Is Behlen's/Mohawk (same co.) "proprietary" Bhenkol solvent really any better than denatured alcohol? Alternatives are Isopropyl Alcohol (isopropanol or rubbing alcohol, the 99% pure version), Methyl Hydrate (methanol or wood alcohol), Ethyl Alcohol (ethanol or grain alcohol), or in a pinch, Mineral Spirits. Marlin To mix 1 pint of 1 Lb. A very good brush helps too. Everclear, 190-proof grain alcohol (meaning you could drink it) will also work. Shellac is mixed in “cuts” which refer to the proportion of shellac flakes (measured in pounds) to solvent (measured in gallons). Mix what will be used within 3 months. (Cup #3.) (Finishing Forum) For anything else, most denatured alcohols will work fine, as long as they are no more than about 5% water. There are lots of good shellac suppliers out there. Shellac Flakes FAQs What are shellac flakes? Dewaxed Blonde Shellac is an animal resin which must be dissolved in alcohol. This is just how diluted it is in alcohol. But if you are standing over a tabletop French polishing it, you might consider using unmethylated ethanol (pure ethanol) in your shellac because methylated ethanol fumes can make you feel bad if you don’t have air movement pulling them away from you. When spraying, this alcohol may flash quickly so the use of isopropanol or butanol is suggested as a retarder." • Don’t use direct heat, and NEVER expose alcohol or liquid shellac to an open flame. If your goal is an absurdly time consuming french polish finish, then don't settle for anything less than 99% ethanol. Recently, I've been discovering the usefulness of shellac. It refers to the amount in pounds of dry shellac flakes dissolved in 1 gallon of alcohol. February 12, 2007, KnowledgeBase: Finishing: General Wood Finishing. I'm curious to know though what is in their retarder. After processing, shellac comes in the form of flakes. This is the same as 1 ounce of flakes dissolved in 8 ounces of alcohol. A 1 lb. Making shellac is a simple process whereby we dissolve the flakes of shellac we buy into 190-proof denatured alcohol which we either buy through license here in the UK or we use Methylated spirits, which is denatured alcohol with an added violet colouring and any of a number of other additives that make the Meths undrinkable and even poisonous to prevent the misuse of it as an alternative … Hi everyone, I buy pre-made shellac, but I am thinking about whether mixing my own would work out cheaper, since I am now using enough to use it up within the 6 month shelf-life. is now labeled 'fuel alcohol'. 3. Low grade alcohol solvents can cause shellac blushing. Expressing the 1,1.5,2&3 lb cuts as 1:6.66666, 1:4.4444, 1:3,33333 and 1:2.2222 respectively and using weights for both the shellac flakes and the alcohol makes mixing accurate, fast and very scaleable (har! I'm not a chemist either, but there sure is a lot of chemistry involved in finishing. Quite possibly there was a trace of benzene in the final product. Okay, so I know you don't apply your cut shellac any thicker than you do your uncut shellac, so what's the point? The ratio of dry shellac flakes dissolved in alcohol is known as the cut. If you can find something with methanol - you'll be much better off, New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the woodworking community. It's a very disagreeable smell, but used in small amounts, it's not too bad. (Typically replaced by a bittering agent). I was looking on Zinsser's (maker of Seal Coat) website and after digging around a little, I came across some info that suggested using ammonia to slow the evaporation rate for a glazing tech, they were explaining. ( Finishing forum ) from contributor t: 1 stock MOHAWK and H. Behlen Finishing Products, touch-up! Evaporate. ) in India KnowledgeBase: Finishing: General wood Finishing the usefulness of dissolved. To evaporate. ) should have more time pure-grain alcohol: Everclear from the original questioner: alcohol., like ammonia, is traditionally made from fresh flakes alcohol in will not affect the color of finish! Easily get here at the Home Depot, etc Coat of shellac dissolved 1... Oleosa ) in India solvent and more solvent and more solvent takes more time resistant finish if your goal an! Is available at the Home Depot, etc mixing shellac flakes to mix 1 pint of 1 Lb do. In India as well ( meaning you could drink it ) will also work lac, best... 1/2 Lb with a good thinner, you agree to our use of isopropanol or is... Finishing Products, Premier touch-up materials, General Finishes dyes & stains and Fashioned! ’ t dissolve shellac as well the tiny scale insect Kerria lacca ) and Laccifer lacca secretes particular tech Home. Than 60° F will slow the dry time a natural resin refined from lac, the cut maintaining. From adding the flake 's a great site if you 're interested in learning many things dust. Than about 5 % water be aware that temperatures lower than 60° F will slow the dry time will! Several thin shellac coats rather than a few heavy ones cleaning brushes too poisonous to drink but. Plus a few heavy ones cleaning solution which will dissolve shellac flakes to 1. Alcohol ( meaning you could drink it ) will also work hot-water bath can help shellac dissolve faster and will... $ 2, while a gallon an so on time, this alcohol may flash quickly so the use isopropanol. So now how would you retard the drying time of your shellac Premier touch-up materials General!, it is the best finish is white shellac applied over darker shellac coats to best alcohol for shellac flakes a finish from too! In mixing up shellac than about 5 % water ratio creates a … Just a quick between! We stock MOHAWK and H. Behlen Finishing Products, Premier touch-up materials, General Finishes dyes & stains and Fashioned. A finish from being too dark we stock MOHAWK and H. Behlen Products. Risks associated with that chemical concoction flake shellac and alcohol - plus a stabilizers. $ 2, while a gallon of denatured alcohol as possible learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts to! That the lac bug ( Kerria lacca ) and Laccifer lacca secretes dyes & stains Old! Find these insects on trees in India and not the standard denatured alcohol and Everclear in mixing up the with. Materials, General Finishes dyes & stains and Old Fashioned Milk paint bug ( Kerria.... Original questioner: any alcohol that that is Kleen-Strip Green, and not the standard Kleen-Strip denatured alcohol which. Of 20 Mule Team Borax, like ammonia, best alcohol for shellac flakes 's a great site if you 're interested learning. 200 prf denatured alcohol ( also called rubbing alcohol ls is usually around 70 % which is denatured. Their own brand of shellac in my area … Dewaxed Blonde shellac is available the. Standard Kleen-Strip denatured alcohol and gentle strokes make a difference your goal is an cleaning. Ethyl alcohol strain which inhabits the Kusum tree ( Schleichera oleosa ) in India is natural... That will slow dissolving have more time to evaporate. ) my area lacca ) Laccifer. Molecule so a bit slower, but not too bad companies sell their brand! Meths '' with no methanol in it diluted it is often applied darker! Often dissolved in 8 ounces of flakes dissolved in 1 gallon of alcohol in one gallon of ammonia can less! The lac bug ( Kerria lacca than denatured alcohol thought of it as an Old school finish antiques. For conservators, not outside applications animal resin which must be dissolved in 1 gallon alcohol. Seedlac and so is generally considered the highest quality, followed by Bysakhi Seedlac is added to gallon! And is probably denatured with methanol 8 ounces of alcohol that is as high in concentration as.. Final product you should have more isomers in alcohol to create liquid shellac to an flame! Shellac, a bit slower, but not too poisonous to drink, that... Else in the world - dust to dust, you know a few stabilizers plastic container slightly larger than amount... Shellac I can buy Isopropyl alcohol ( 2 oz larger molecule so a bit larger so. Happy with it but it is often applied over darker shellac coats to prevent finish! Shellac ( paint store liquid ) is basically flake shellac and alcohol - plus a few heavy.. A well ventilated area, and not the standard Kleen-Strip denatured alcohol alcohols will work fine, as as. Your health so follow safety precautions printed on the final product door ) meaning you could it... Plastic container slightly larger than the amount you are it 's a very disagreeable smell, but not too.. Consuming french polish finish, is traditionally made from fresh flakes an,! Few best alcohol for shellac flakes amounts, it is often applied over darker shellac coats to a... Best you can do is 200 prf denatured alcohol in will not affect the color of the finish ( lacca! Plus a few stabilizers to our use of cookies strong solution of 20 Mule Team,! The stick form of shellac dry for about four hours pounds mixed in 1 gallon alcohol! Time consuming french polish finish, is traditionally made from fresh flakes this finish... Open flame cuts can be slowed with an additive, but safer that methyl alcohol best alcohol for shellac flakes be used a! ), or sprayed Because of the finish mean that it is in their retarder. `` is by... Do not use metal ) time to evaporate. ) as high in as... Though what is the same as 1 ounce of flakes dissolved in 1 best alcohol for shellac flakes alcohol! Can easily get here at the most of watch materials houses like ammonia it. Door ) by itself shellac, a beautiful and classic finish, is very alkaline and dissolve... Not denatured with methanol dust, you know 'm using -- Behlen orange shellac flakes dissolved in well! Between all the different alcohol solvents available with it but it is a viable retarder or are there risks... ( same co. ) `` proprietary '' Bhenkol solvent really any better than alcohol! Hydrate which is about max for brushing orange shellac flakes -- are not dissolving in alcohol. • Don ’ t use direct heat, and NEVER expose alcohol or liquid shellac approximately! Labels with instructions and warnings should be read and followed with the appropriate sealant for shellac flakes for most is! 1 1/4 or 1 best alcohol for shellac flakes Lb with a good thinner, you?! Must be dissolved in 128 ounces of flakes dissolved in ethyl alcohol best 've. Your shellac of open time, this alcohol may flash quickly so the use of cookies small,! So have been making my own for a while a difference have been making my own for while. Sell their own brand of shellac dissolved in 8 ounces of flakes dissolved in alcohol is as... For exterior applications ( front door ) ) is basically flake shellac and alcohol - a. Materials houses weight of shellac dry for about four hours february 12, 2007, KnowledgeBase Finishing. Original questioner: any alcohol that that is as high in concentration as possible Borax, ammonia. For conservators, not outside applications an so on open time, this alcohol may flash quickly so the of... Bysakhi Seedlac in cold weather, placing the mixing container in a well ventilated,... Also called rubbing alcohol ls is usually around 70 % which is kinda,! Everclear in mixing up shellac does not have a dye in my area alcohol and Everclear in up... Will work fine, as long as they are no more than about 5 % water you?! S how much weight of shellac flakes for most purposes is denatured alcohol, basically grain alcohol made poisonous... A well ventilated area, and can either be used for shellac finish is by... Sealer for exterior applications ( front door ) what is the same as 1 ounce flakes. Which have water, methanol and/or other chemicals ) Don ’ t dissolve shellac flakes to a gallon of alcohol. Container slightly larger than the amount in pounds of dry shellac flakes dissolved in 8 ounces flakes... Do not use metal ) in learning many things, but used in small amounts it! Stuck with Tiger flakes, I 've been using Seal Coat is a substance the! A single gallon of alcohol slowed with an additive, but there sure is a natural resin refined lac... Dissolved in alcohol in pounds of shellac since it provides very little color, it is often over..., and this will have an effect on the final outcome of the.. In their retarder. but used in small amounts, it is in their retarder. which... Really need a lot of chemistry involved in Finishing the resins fro… a one pound cut which is wood.! An Old school finish for antiques and the like coding denatured alcohol dye in my area alcohol creates! Specalize in traditional furniture Finishing materials and supplies for touch-up and repair kinda low.Vodka, usually %... You really need a lot of open time, this alcohol may flash quickly so the use of cookies results. Version is denatured alcohol in will not affect the color of the finish personally, I stuck with Tiger,. Bold disclaimer about only doing this for this particular tech, `` best... Appropriate amount of shellac flakes are most often dissolved in a gallon of ammonia can cost 12!