In an innovative approach John Gilchriese annotated Clum's article, providing the reader with a much more interesting and informative narrative of the events that took place in Tombstone on October 25, 1881. Once Clum had arrived at the Ojo Caliente agency he took stock of his assets and planned his trap for Geronimo. [2], To the distant politicians in Washington D.C., all Indians were alike. “From his demeanor it was evident to all that he was hesitating between two purposes, whether to draw is knife, his only remaining weapon, cut right and left and die fighting – or to surrender. Presidio Garrison Living History Second Saturdays, Helping You Navigate Social Security Disability Benefits During COVID-19, Digital Marketing Strategies For Small Businesses, Wings Over Willcox Birding & Nature Festival, A Story of Miracle Mountain in the Mule Mountains near Bisbee, AZ. [7] Clum tired of the Army's constant meddling in his management of the reservation and the lack of support from the Indian Bureau, the very people who a short time previously had sought him out specifically as a man who would make a good Agent.[8]. [2], He arrived at the San Carlos Reservation on Tuesday, August 4, 1874. Clum knew that a number of Indian Agents had already come and gone. When Wyatt, his brothers Virgil and Morgan, and Wyatt’s close friend Doc Holliday, shot and killed 3 “cowboys” on Fremont Street near the OK Corral, he was one of their staunchest supporters. Thus began Clum’s personal obsession to either capture or kill the wily Apache. Beauford opened the huge commissary doors and 80 Apache policemen charged out and surrounded Geronimo and his warriors. Apache Days & Tombstone Nights: John Clum’s Autobiography 1877­1887, edited by Neil B. Carmony, Univ. Gunfight at the OK Corral (1957) movie cast and crew: Dennis Hopper, Kirk Douglas, Brian G. Hutton, Burt Lancaster, DeForest Kelley, Lee Van Cleef, Arthur Tovey, Jack Elam. Faced with superior officers who strongly disagreed with his methods, dogged by an uncaring Indian Bureau administration and under constant harassment by the Army, Clum was frustrated. Corral [Blu-ray] [1957] at Best Buy. After completing his first year at Rutger's College, New Brunswick, New Jersey, he entered the meteorological service of the United States Government. Dogs were strangled, lest their bark betray the route taken by the renegades.”. His life before Tombstone is just as interesting, but that story is known only to a few. Clum read in a newspaper story that the federal War Department in Washington, D.C. was organizing a meteorological service. Clum was certain that in Tucson Geronimo and the others would be quickly tried, convicted and executed. In 1877, John Clum, Agent for the San Carlos Apache Reservation, became the only man to ever capture Geronimo. What there was in the sluggish river was brackish and warm.”. Tombstone Mines: How Much Were They Really Worth? He implemented a limited form of self-government on the reservation that was so successful that other reservations were closed and their residents moved to San Carlos. Here, according to Daklugie, the Apaches experienced the “shaking disease”. Mar 16, 2017 - Explore Barbara Clum's board "wyett earp and john clum Tombstone Az" on Pinterest. Who was the only man to release Geronimo from captivity? To his credit, Clum was an honest agent. He was willing. G. … © 2010 - 2020 Southern Arizona Guide, LLC Design by Devil Dog Productions, LLC, Making Lemonade | The Mini Time Machine Museum of Miniatures, Art in the Park – Exuberance: An Artistic Botanical Experience, SculptureTucson & TBG to Unveil New Exhibit, First Sunday of the month Antique Vintage Fair, Mexican Mondays at Catalina Brewing Company. The stage didn't carry any mail, cash, or silver, so robbery was an unlikely motive for the attack. John Clum left Alaska in 1909. It included the Chiricahua Mountains and ran south to the Mexican border. It was released in September, 1956 and received excellent reviews. The stagecoach was fired upon by unknown assailants. John Clum. John Clum briefly made his mark in the world of college football. The text of this book is taken from John P. Clum's 1929 article in the Arizona Historical Review, now a very rare item. He helped organize a "Vigilance Committee" to end lawlessness in Tombstone, and his association with that group helped get him elected as Tombstone's first mayor under the new city charter of 1881. Instantly, Sgt. To do so would not only be sweet revenge. From the very beginning they quarreled with the other Apaches confined there. Join Facebook to connect with John P Clum and others you may know. [18], While in Nome, Alaska in the summer of 1900, Clum met his old friends, Wyatt Earp and George W. Parsons. H. L. Hart succeeded him. United States Federal Census records, Ancestry.com. The brackish, warm water Daklugie referred to was just right for breeding millions of mosquitos. Baker. In January Virgil Earp was maimed in an assassination attempt and in March Morgan was murdered. Indeed, San Carlos was given to the Apaches because the U.S. government knew that no White man would ever want it. In 1876, President Grant revoked the Chiricahua Apache Reservation that had been given to Cochise when he and General Howard worked out a peace agreement four years earlier. "There were nine of us who were not supposed to get out of Tombstone alive. Corral and was known for his opposition to the Earps.Behan was sheriff of Yavapai County from 1871 to 1873. Again, according to Clum, when he ordered Geronimo to the guardhouse, the Apache did not move. His parents were William Henry and Elizabeth van Deusen Clum of Dutch and German descent; he had five brothers and three sisters: Henry W. Clum, Jane E. Clum, Cornelia Clum, Sarah E. Clum, George A. Clum, Robert A. Clum, Cornelius N. Clum, and Alfred Clum. and Ike got out. Clum convinced Taza to lead the Chiricahuas, some one thousand Chokonen, Nednhi, and Bedonkohe. Let’s find out. Was it Clum’s successor, H.L. Wyatt Earp told me afterward he could have killed Ike Clanton. According to Clum, Geronimo and Chief Juh agreed to take their people to San Carlos. You’ve been successfully subscribed to our newsletter! At this point, all Geronimo saw was the arrogant young agent and his six Apache police. Sky Box Sets ... (Wyatt Earp) and Kurt Russell (Tombstone) ... John P Clum Whit Bissell. [8] During a five-month period he traversed 8,000 miles (13,000 km) in the Alaskan territory, equipping existing post offices and establishing seven new post offices. Lean dogs, mangy, inert.”. Photo by C.S. [3][4] Price Match Guarantee. He and his newspaper had consistently supported the lawmen. They were picking us off one by one. The movie was based on "Apache Agent" (1936), a biography he wrote of his father that was published four years after his death. John Clum: The Only Man To Ever Capture Geronimo! Elizabeth was sickly and died the following summer.[9]:117[10]. He got to Benson the next day and then returned to Tombstone. "[12], Clum's friendship with the Earps and loyalty to the business leadership made him a target for the outlaw Cochise County Cowboys. According to Clum, he had no idea who turned these murderers loose. Two decades later it was made into a movie, "Walk … He met the only 3 qualifications. The Dutch Reformed Church was given charge of the San Carlos Reservation. The journey would take three weeks. In truth the chief kissed up to Clum as the only way he could save the remnants of his people. On December 14, Clum was on a stagecoach en route to Benson to catch a train for Washington, D.C., where he planned to spend Christmas with his parents and son. At the age of 22, a cocky, ambitious John Clum was appointed to the post of Agent for the San Carlos Apache Reservation. They tried to apply a "one-size-fits-all" strategy to deal with the "Indian problem". "Yes, I ran away from Tombstone," said Clum. Geronimo and 16 warriors complied. Of the more than 1,000 Chiricahuas enumerated in Jeffords' infrequent censuses, only 42 men and 280 women and children accompanied Clum north. But Taza and younger brother, Naiche only had authority over the Chokonen band. [2] Clum's strenuous activity and competitive athletics left him ill and in his second year of college he was unable to earn enough money to pay for his tuition. SEIZE STOLEN HORSES IN THEIR POSSESSION; RESTORE PROPERTY TO RIGHTFUL OWNERS, REMOVE RENEGADES TO SAN CARLOS AND HOLD THEM IN CONFINEMENT FOR MURDER AND ROBBERY. Ed Bailey Lee Van Cleef. In 1876 Jeffords was relieved of his responsibility and on May 3 the government ordered Clum to transfer the Chiricahuas to San Carlos. Clum died in Los Angeles in 1932 at age 80. He blamed Geronimo. Although various articles list Stuart Lake's 1931 book "Wyatt Earp, Frontier Marshall" as an additional source text for the film, the book is not credited in the SAB or any contemporary reviews. In the story line, Clum recruits an elite team of Apaches to aid the U.S. Cavalry in the Southwest but faces opposition within the white community. The Bird Cage Theatre – The theater was built in 1881 at 535 E. Allen Street. We won’t stand for this any longer.” According to the Apache version, Clum sputtered and strutted about, dragging his wings while attempting to put them off.”. By this time he had resigned in a huff, having earned the wrath of both his superiors in the Department of Interior and the U.S. military for his demanding and arrogant ways. Two months later, Victorio, Loco, and 308 other Chiricahuas bolted for New Mexico, killing twelve ranchers before surrendering at Fort Wingate in early October. Victorio and the Chihenne Chiricahuas acquiesced at first. The very next day Apache scouts presented him with the severed head of Cochinay, a Tonto Apache renegade they had tracked down and killed. I kept going without him."[12]. He was replaced by a series of agents who were renowned for their corruption. By 1977, San Carlos had been transformed, at least in Clum’s fantasy world, into “… that wonderful reservation where all is peace, plenty, and happiness.”. In September 1872, Cochise negotiated a reservation for his people from the Dragoon Mountains on the west to the Peloncillo Mountains on the east. He also founded the still-operating The Tombstone Epitaph on May 1, 1880. Clum called him “Skimmy” and thought Eskiminzin was a loyal follower. The heat was terrible. He was born in upstate New York in 1851 and attended a military academy before enrolling at Rutgers College where he began a classical education: Latin, Greek, Mathematics, Natural History and Rhetoric. [8], After silver was discovered in Tombstone in 1877, Clum moved to Tombstone and began publication, on Saturday, May 1, 1880 of The Tombstone Epitaph. Angie Debo, Geronimo’s biographer, says the same and with the same lack of evidence. Clum was ordered to round up all the Chiricahuas and take them to San Carlos. Corruption had been so rampant at the Apache reservations in Arizona Territory that President Grant decided that only good Christians should be Indian agents. John P Clum (1851 – 1932) was a most interesting figure of the old West and we know quite a lot about him. Being the surly bastard that he was, Geronimo responded “ that if I (Clum) spoke with discretion no serious harm would be done to us.” This indicated to Clum that his trap had not been discovered. A narrative of John P. Clum's life as Apache Agent was the subject of the 1956 motion picture, "Walk the Proud Land" staring Audi Murphy. As a result, friends and foes were forced to live in close proximity to one another.[7]. Where there is no grass there is no game. May 2, 2017 - Explore Rosie Posie's board "Wyatt Earp" on Pinterest. And he was a member of the Dutch Reformed Church. John Philip Clum, the Federal Indian Agent portrayed by Audie Murphy in Walk the Proud Land (1956), was in fact, Woodworth Crum's father. While they aren't looking to find trouble, trouble soon finds them when they become targets of the ruthless Cowboy gang. The Nednhi Chirica led by Juh also requested transfer. Clum, not wishing to lose the opportunity to capture his nemesis, decided to go on ahead without the cavalry. Ike, Wyatt said, drew back and motioned he was not in it. Thus shackled, they were taken by wagon to San Carlos. Lawman Wyatt Earp and outlaw Doc Holliday form an unlikely alliance which culminates in their participation in … What possible motive would he have had? We could never put our hands definitely on those who were doing it. Clum headed off with a police force of about 102 Apaches led by Captain Clay Beauford. Clum encouraged them to take up the peaceful pursuits of farming and raising cattle. Friend of Wyatt. Nine years later, he established a newspaper that would become famous throughout much of the world: The Tombstone Epitaph. They also ignored prior political differences and military alliances. Tris Coffin was cast as Captain Loren Phillips and John Considine as Lago.[20]. The fact that Geronimo had outwitted him was a major blow to his outsized ego. We received warnings, written in blood. Wyatt Earp (Kurt Russell) and his brothers, Morgan (Bill Paxton) and Virgil (Sam Elliott), have left their gunslinger ways behind them to settle down and start a business in the town of Tombstone, Ariz. Other television series or films with reference to Clum include: Indian agent for the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation in the Arizona Territory, Rural outlaw cowboys and allies vs. business owners, townspeople, and the law. [5] Best TV shows. Oct 21, 2012 - Former Indian Agent John P. Clum-Mayor of Tombstone and Publisher of the Tombstone Epitaph.The Republican Paper. [13] Driver Jimmie Harrington was able to outrun the attackers, but he soon had to stop to remove a lead horse that had been shot and was bleeding to death. Santa Cruz Farmers’ Market Has It Going On! John Clum. John P Clum is on Facebook. Rip sprang forward and snatched the knife from Geronimo’s belt, while the muzzles of a half-dozen needle guns … pressed toward him – their locks clicking almost in unison as their hammers were drawn back.”. John Clum was the only man to capture Geronimo. How did John Clum's first wife die?, Mark, Boardman, True West, History of the American Frontier. Six started to run but Beauford was already in position to level his rifle at them and they stopped in their tracks. The Mescalero Apache Reservation at Ojo Caliente is about 400 miles east of San Carlos. Clum wrote of his first impression: “Of all the desolate, isolated, human habitations! [2], The office was very political, as the military commanders and civilian agents competed for control over the reservation and the money associated with the responsibility. Soldiers and their commanding officers sometimes brutally tortured or killed the Indians for sport. Clum was certain the hold-up was cover for an attempt to kill him, so didn't reboard the stage, but walked until he found a horse he could borrow. He helped organize the Tombstone Vigilance Committee to fight the prevailing lawlessness of the early 1880’s. On February 26, 1874, under these difficult conditions, Clum accepted a commission as Indian Agent for the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation in the Arizona Territory. Lacking sufficient funds to continue his formal education, he dropped out of college in his second year, and, in 1871, signed up for the U.S. Army Signal Corp that had just established a weather station in Santa Fe, New Mexico. [7] Throughout his life, Clum believed that his work among the Apache was the finest and noblest work he had ever done.[2]. It would be more than 50 years before the White-Eyes would hear the story from the Apache perspective. Ohio, County Marriages, 1774-1993, Ancestry.com. John P. Clum, of San Bernardino, was born in Claverack, Columbia County, New York, in 1851, and his childhood and youth were passed on the banks of the historic Hudson. Clum resigned as Agent for San Carlos Apache Reservation July 1, 1877. Feeble and disabled horses were killed. John Clum married secondly 6 Feb 1883 in the District of Columbia, to Belle Atwood. They sought out a candidate at Rutgers to run the reservation and were connected with Clum. See more ideas about wyatt earp, earp, old west. 1 of 2 John P. Clum, the mayor of Tombstone, Ariz., at the time of the shootout at the OK Corral, began his Old West career as a weather watcher in Santa Fe, says a new biography. John Clum married thirdly 24 October 1914 in New York City, New York to Florence A. His son, Woodworth, published his biography, "Apache Agent: The Story of John P. Clum," in 1936. Juh was a stutterer, so Eskiminzin spoke for both of them. But the soldiers had not yet showed up. “San Carlos! Some days later, at Fort Bowie, Clum had a chat with them. His parents were William Henry and Elizabeth van Deusen Clum of Dutch and German descent; he had five brothers and three sisters: Henry W. Clum, Jane E. Clum, Cornelia Clum, Sarah E. Clum, George A. Clum, Robert A. Clum, Cornelius N. Clum, and Alfred Clum.[1]. Oh, the irony! He was breathing. But that night, about 700 Chiricahua Apaches of the Bedonkohi and Nednhi bands slipped away and headed straight for Mexico. That night, Clum sent a messenger to Beauford to get his men to the agency ASAP undercover of darkness and hide them in the commissary before they could be discovered by the Indians. Showing some regret over his rash decision to resign his post as Agent for San Carlos, Clum wrote in 1928: Had I remained in authority at San Carlos there is not the least doubt in my mind that [Geronimo] would have been speedily brought to trail … and his career would have ended abruptly then and there. Corral) at which the notorious gun battle took place — Ike Clanton filed murder charges and after a month-long preliminary hearing, Justice of the Peace Wells Spicer ruled the men had acted within the law. [7] His successor freed Geronimo and his men, leading to fifteen years of bloodshed and Indian wars until Geronimo was re-captured by General Miles on September 4, 1886, finally ending the Indian Wars. The Commissioner of Indian Affairs telegraphed Clum: IF PRACTICAL, TAKE YOUR INDIAN POLICE AND ARREST RENEGADE INDIANS AT OJO CALIENTE, NEW MEXICO. Home Streaming & DVD New on Netflix New on Hulu New on Amazon Prime Movies In Theaters Coming Soon Showtimes & Tickets Movie Theaters Made In ... 'Tombstone Epitaph' Editor John P. Clum. In his memoirs, Clum wrote that he told the renegades if they listened “with good ears” no harm would come to them. While mayor he became lifelong friends with Wyatt Earp and became one of his greatest supporters. [19] He was survived by his third wife, Florence, a son Woodworth, and a daughter Caro Kingsland Clum Vachon. For decades after, Clum would crow that he was the only man to ever capture Geronimo. There he became a lifelong friend of Wyatt Earp. John P. Clum Tombstone Epitaph . He applied for and was inducted into the US Army Signal Corps on September 14, 1871 with the rank of Observer Sergeant. During Clum's tenure at San Carlos, he treated the Apaches as friends, established the first Indian Tribal Police and a Tribal Court, forming a system of Indian self-rule. In November 1870, he was on the Rutgers squad that lost to Princeton 6-2; it may have been the third ever game. John Clum: The Only Man To Ever Capture Geronimo! He later served in various postal service positions across the United States. Clum arrived at San Carlos in the spring of 1875. Moreover, he made improvements to San Carlos for the benefit of his wards. Our story begins in 1875. Clum's feuds with the military escalated. San Carlos Guardhouse and Apache Policemen. Morgan Earp DeForest Kelley. Governor Pesqueira of Sonora complained bitterly about the raids, and General Crook tried to figure out how to force the relocation of the raiders to the San Carlos Reservation. In 1928 he moved to Los Angeles, where he lived until his death in 1932 at age 80. And if so, why? Western Folk Legend. According to this Arizona Memory Project piece, the Epitaph was founded by Republicans John P. Clum, Thomas Sorin, and Charles Reppy. Universal's release "Walk the Proud Land" starred Audie Murphy in the role of John P. Clum, Apache Indian Agent and later founder of the Tombstone Epitaph. I decided to settle elsewhere. Hart, who freed Geronimo? He obtained a classical education, studying among other subjects Latin, Greek, Mathematics (including algebra), Natural History (including physiology) and Rhetoric. His descendants still live in Alaska territory and also in Oregon...[citation needed], Sam Melville was cast as Clum in the 1970 episode, "Clum's Constabulary", on the syndicated television anthology series, Death Valley Days, hosted by Dale Robertson. Mary is buried in Boot Hill at Tombstone. What a vast amount of expense, tribulation, distress, and bloodshed would have been avoided if this arrest had been followed swiftly by prosecution, conviction and execution – thus dropping the name GERONIMO into oblivion before it had become generally notorious outside of territorial frontier limits.”. John P. Clum will be known in the history of Arizona and the West better as the “White Chief of the Apaches” than as the crusading founder and editor of the Tombstone Epitaph, but in both pursuits he was an outstanding figure. He became Tombstone’s first mayor elected under the new city charter of 1881. Although Clum was on the team, he did not play in the first intercollegiate game between Rutgers and Princeton on November 6, 1869, but played in the second game in the fall of 1870. With a discrete signal, Capt. Cochise's sons Taza and Naiche agreed to the move and killed several Chircahuas, including Eskinya, Cochise's trusted ally, when he insisted they go to war. John Philip Clum (September 1, 1851 - May 2, 1932) was an Indian agent for the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation in the Arizona Territory. Clum was later named postmaster for Fairbanks, Alaska, and served in that position until 1909. [11] Clum later observed, There had been a lot of talk about the justification of the fight. And so he was. The water was terrible. Clum had been informed that Geronimo was camped near Ojo Caliente with about 100 well-armed warriors. Mary died on 18 December 1880, in Tombstone, Arizona, of fever, about one week after giving birth to a daughter named Bessie. While the death rate was high among the adults, malaria was virtually an automatic death sentence for their infants. Two weeks later he was dispatched to Santa Fe, New Mexico, where he became a weather observer. We didn't pay a lot of attention to them at first, but after a few months it became most unbearable. Definitions of John_Clum, synonyms, antonyms, derivatives of John_Clum, analogical dictionary of John_Clum (English) As the Indian agent at the San Carlos Apache Reservation in Arizona for three years in the 1870s, John Philip Clum (1851­1932) was Eskiminzin’s friend and Geronimo’s enemy. One Apache said that he thought they were forced to live at San Carlos because the Americans “want us to die”. Thomas J. Jeffords, who was Indian Agent to the reservation, lost influence when Cochise died on June 8, 1874. According to Clum, the civil authorities in Tucson did not respond. The Army disliked Clum's actions, as it prevented them from raking off part of the funds that passed through the reservation. Clum became the first mayor of Tombstone and also the first publisher of the Tombstone Epitaph before moving in 1886 to San Bernardino where he engaged in the real estate business. of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, 1997, $12 paperback. The next morning, Clum sent word to Geronimo to come to the agency with his principle leaders for a talk. Caro, Alaska was named after his daughter Caro.[9]. It would also bring Clum the glory and monetary rewards he craved. For his air of superiority, his strutting around San Carlos agency like a feudal lord surveying the lives of his peasants, behind his back they called John Clum “turkey gobbler”. The Apaches, who were supposed to be fed and housed by their caretakers, rarely saw the results of the federal money and suffered as a result. Wickiups, covered with brush and grass, old blankets, or deerskins, smoky, smelly. Neither Chief Juh (pronounced Ho) of the Nednhi group nor Geronimo of the Bedonkohi band seemed to be happy to leave the Chiricahua and Dragoon Mountain and take their people to San Carlos. “We have come to demand that you turn the prisoners loose. At the age of nineteen he graduated at the Hudson River Institute, and entered the freshman class of Rutger’s College, New Brunswick, New Jersey. He was married and had two children, but his wife divorced him, accusing him of consorting with prostitutes. They did not give consideration to the different tribes, cultures, customs and language. Following the great silver strike in Tombstone, in 1877, Clum moved to Tombstone and began publication, on Saturday, May 1, 1880 of the The Tombstone Epitaph. His first job out of college was as a “weather observer” in the Great American Southwest. By executive order, the President gave jurisdiction over Fort Apache Indian Reservation in the White Mountains and its impoverished twin to the south, the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation, to the Dutch Reformed Church. Three miles farther along the road a bullet tore through my coat and lead brought down my horse. He left his post as Indian Agent at noon on July 1, 1877, nearly three years after he had arrived. After two month languishing in the guardhouse at San Carlos, somehow Geronimo and the others were freed. Clum later became the first mayor of Tombstone, Arizona Territory, after its incorporation in 1881. He called to Ike. The firing of Jeffords and the abolition of the reservation in southeastern Arizona drove the Chiricahuas deeper into Mexico or over to the Ojo Caliente Reservation in the New Mexico Territory. Decades later, Asa Daklugie, son of Chief Juh and nephew of Geronimo, described San Carlos from the Chiricahua Apache perspective. Clum wrote an autobiography, Apache Days and Tombstone Nights: John Clum's Autobiography, 1877 - 1887, and he became a newspaper editor and wrote a great deal. Although most historians of the Apache Wars thought John Clum one of the best Indian agents, the Apaches, to no surprise, had a very different opinion of the young agent. But if he did in fact capture Geronimo in 1877, why was the Bedonkohe warrior free to raid for another nine years. Please enable JavaScript on your browser to best view this site. After waiting in vain for military reinforcements to help with the move, Clum began relocating the tribe in early June. Understandably, the Apaches at San Carlos thought San Carlos in general and malaria in particular was the White-Eyes punishment for past depredations. 'Get in this, Ike, or get out!' They used that time to elude the cavalry and flee south. United States Federal Census Records, Ancestry.com. John P. Clum, Tombstone Epitaph – 1950 Arizona Newspapers Association Hall of Fame John P. Clum, Indian Agent by Martha Glauthier, San Dimas Historical Society Nantan: The Life and Times of John P. Clum Volume 1 Claverack to Tombstone (2007) by Gary Ledoux / … In September, 1867, he entered the Hudson River Institute (later known as Claverack College), a military academy in Claverack, New York. “There’s a scene in the movie Tombstone where all the women are in a house, huddled together on the night that Wyatt’s brothers Virgil and Morgan are both shot. Geronimo and 6 of his warriors were led to the guardhouse where they were fitted with ankle-irons. In April 1877 the Interior Department ordered Clum to remove the bands at Ojo Caliente to San Carlos as well. Hundreds of their people followed in hopeless despair. For the next two years he published editorials criticizing "the Army of Arizona and the political double-crossers in Washington". On May 1, 1882, two years to the day after he started The Tombstone Epitaph, he sold it and left Tombstone. See more ideas about tombstone, earp, american history. Asa Daklugie, son of Chief Juh and nephew of Geronimo collaborated with Eve Ball on her brilliant book, Indeh: An Apache Odyssey. JAVASCRIPT IS DISABLED. That was the worst place in all the great territory stolen from the Apaches. Best movies. John Clum became one of those legendary characters from Tombstone's infamous past. [7] The Apaches nicknamed him "Nantan Betunnikiyeh", "Nantan", meaning boss or leader, "Betunnykahyeh" meaning high-forehead, or "Boss With The High Forehead", referring to his baldness. Clum's success gave the US Army a black eye; it was the only time Geronimo was captured at gunpoint without a shot fired on either side. Six started to run the Reservation and were connected with Clum transfer the Chiricahuas and take to. 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[ 9 ] Clum.., 1880 same lack of evidence that passed through the Reservation, lost influence Cochise... There permanently, no Apache knew of it early 1880 ’ s Autobiography 1877­1887, edited by Neil B.,! May have been the third john p clum tombstone movie game in position to level his rifle them. Nights: John Clum married secondly 6 Feb 1883 in the sluggish river brackish. September 14, 1871 with the other Apaches confined there Republicans John P. Clum “..., not wishing to lose the opportunity to capture or kill Geronimo came in March Morgan murdered. Chronicle of the more than 1,000 Chiricahuas enumerated in Jeffords ' infrequent censuses, only men! Agency he john p clum tombstone movie stock of his wards the agency with his principle for! For San Carlos and Bedonkohe Mini time Machine Museum of Miniatures 1877, nearly three years he... For Fairbanks, Alaska, and a daughter Caro. [ 9 ]:117 [ 10.. Kill the wily Apache after he started the Tombstone Vigilance Committee to the! Farm near Claverack, New York, USA it would be quickly tried, convicted and.... Tucson, 85712, the civil authorities in Tucson did not give to... Ignored prior political differences and military alliances Indian problem '' commanding officers sometimes brutally tortured killed! Form an unlikely motive for the young Agent and his six Apache.! Captain Clay Beauford Clum called him “ Skimmy ” and thought Eskiminzin was a member of the fight blood... Attended religious services at the Ojo Caliente with about 100 well-armed warriors Arizona Territory President! Also bring Clum the glory and monetary rewards he craved of Indian agents “ weather observer to Geronimo to to! April 1877 the Interior Department ordered Clum to transfer the Chiricahuas, some one thousand Chokonen, Nednhi, served... Criticizing `` the Army of Arizona and the political double-crossers in Washington, D.C. was organizing a meteorological.... Silver, so Eskiminzin spoke for both of them murderers loose the Bird Cage Theatre – the theater was in. Died on June 8, 1874 Lago. [ 7 ] had a fine cast Anne!, 1880 he did in fact capture Geronimo in 1877, why was the place! Two years he published editorials criticizing `` the Army disliked Clum 's first wife die?, mark Boardman. Did John Clum briefly made his mark in the guardhouse where they were to. One-Size-Fits-All '' strategy to deal with the rank of observer Sergeant were not to! To help with the same and with the same and with the other Apaches confined.. Understandably, the Apaches because the U.S. government knew that no White man would ever it! Noon on July 1, 1877 would crow that he thought they were forced to live in close proximity one. 100 from Geronimo 's band and the rest under Victorio, reached San.. There is no grass there is no game wickiups, covered with brush and grass, old blankets or... Years later, Asa Daklugie, son of Chief Juh agreed to take their people to San because... Run but Beauford was already in position to level his rifle at them they. ] Clum later became the first mayor of Tombstone, Earp, old blankets, or silver, so spoke... Ordered Clum to transfer the Chiricahuas to San Carlos thought San Carlos - Anne Bancroft, Pat Crowley, Silverheels! Advanced with 22 Apache policemen charged out and surrounded Geronimo and his newspaper had consistently supported the lawmen only! He was married and had two children, but that story is known to. Positions across the United States to ever capture Geronimo?, mark,,!, Ancestry.com Santa Fe, New Mexico, where he became Tombstone ’ s,... Unlikely motive for the Alaska Territory and was known for his opposition to the Earps.Behan was sheriff of County... You ’ ve been successfully subscribed to our newsletter comes in the river., Wyatt said, drew back and motioned he was on the Rutgers squad that lost to 6-2! Grass, old west newspaper that would become famous throughout much of the fight with Earp! And became one of his wards convinced Taza to lead the Chiricahuas and them!