The general plan for the construction of an enterprise for the processing of weapons-grade plutonium, adopted in April 1946, provided for the construction of a residential settlement for 5 thousand people. The organization of the supply of industrial and food products, food for people on a huge construction site turned out to be far from easy. City 40 is a documentary film about the town, by Samira Goetschel, released in July 2016. The radioactive cloud passed the city of atomic scientists and passed by due to the successful location of the city - when it was laid, the wind rose was taken into account. KYSHTYM, Russia (AP) _ Here are some facts about the Kyshtym disaster of Sept. 29, 1957: The cooling system failed in a tank where radioactive waste from the Chelyabinsk-65 nuclear complex was stored. Nuclear historian, Alex Wellerstein, told UNILAD about what he believes makes this case so very interesting: Aside from the kind of straightforward aspects of Kyshtymn (government secrecy, huge radiological accident that almost nobody has heard about, etc. Slavsky wrote: “Investigating the causes of the accident on the spot, the commission believes that the main culprits of this incident are the head of the radiochemical plant and the chief engineer of this plant, who committed a gross violation of the technological regulations for the operation of storage of radioactive solutions " . In a memo addressed to the Central Committee of the CPSU, Industry Minister E.P. There is a railway station a kilometer from the village. [10], The plant itself covers an area of approximately 90 km² and employs about 15,000 people.[10]. Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with six rural localities, incorporated as the Town of Ozyorsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. Again, it seems that if we have … [11][12], The Chelyabinsk region has been reported as being one of the most polluted places on Earth, having previously been a center of production of weapons-grade plutonium.[13]. There is a current in religious studies today—D.W. They did not immediately notice the polluted streets, canteens, shops, schools, and kindergartens. On November 24, 1945, a plan was developed and the construction of the future plant and the city of Ozersk began. The Mayak is primarily engaged in reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel from the nuclear submarines and icebreakers and from nuclear power plants. An Experimental Station was created in the Urals, which played a leading role in studying the consequences of the accident and developing the necessary recommendations. The Mayak plant is still, shockingly, in operation. These populations were recorded at experiencing a radioactive exposure of 40-500 mSv.[18]. The Mayak plant was used to manufacture six materials essential for the development of weapons-grade plutonium. On November 10, Ya. 1 of Chelyabmetallurgstroy, left for the site of the future construction. Old part of town Even though 270,000 people lived within this area, just 11,000 were evacuated, with the evacuation process taking two years. Kyshtym disaster. The builders worked in very difficult conditions. The Chernobyl disaster had other fallout: The economic and political toll hastened the end of the USSR and fueled a global anti-nuclear movement. There is strong evidence coming forward that Fukushima's nuclear reactor safety protocols were criminally ignored for years! This sent a vast cloud of radioactive dust and material up into the air, with strong winds blowing the cloud for many hundreds of miles around the surrounding area. Lenssen, "Nuclear Waste: The Problem that Won't Go Away", Worldwatch Institute, Washington, D.C., 1991: 15. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. The 'Kyshtym Accident', which happened on 29 September 1957 at the Mayak Production Association (PA) nuclear complex, located about 10 km to the east of the town of Kyshtym in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russian Federation, although rated on the International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale as one of the most severe nuclear accidents in the world, remained little known in the … Topics: Film and TV, Chernobyl, Reddit, TV. A Reddit thread, entitled ‘If HBO’s Chernobyl was a series with a new disaster every season, what event would you like to see covered?’, highlights the understandable fascination people have with these darker aspects of human history. This day, November 9, 1945, is considered to be the date of foundation of Ozersk. And Ms Goetschel claims that one of the nearest lakes to the Mayak plant is so heavily contaminated with plutonium that locals call it the “Lake of Death” or “Plutonium Lake”. Постановление №161 от 25 мая 2006 г. For the documentary about the city, see, Radioactive contamination and the 1957 disaster, Radioactive contamination of the local population, ЗАО "Южноуральское управление строительства", Почта России. Over 10,000 people in the worst affected areas of the EURT were evacuated, and residual Sr-90 activity is still significant in some areas today. Soviet Submarine K-19. [citation needed]. Therefore, a number of new streets had to be laid. The Kyshtym disaster, which occurred at Mayak in Russia on 29 September 1957, was rated as a level 6 on the International Nuclear Event Scale, the third most severe incident after Chernobyl and Fukushima. Immediately after the explosion at the facilities of the chemical plant, dosimetrists noted a sharp increase in the background radiation. Subsequently, the flow of radioactive substances was suspended. National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. The radiation accident in the Urals posed a whole series of completely new tasks for science and practice. For the first builders, the buildings of the local subsidiary farm were rented. It was decades before the events at Chernobyl, during a time of shifting geopolitical tensions in the ongoing Cold War. The town's coat of arms depicts a flame-colored salamander. 11", the first workers of the plant No. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года", "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек", "The radioactive legacy of the search for plutopia", "How Chelyabinsk became synonymous with pollution", "Russian village evacuation as rocket blast sparks radiation fears: Nyonoksa residents asked to leave within a day after last week's explosion that spiked radiation levels up to 16 times", Plutopia: Nuclear Families, Atomic Cities, and the Great Soviet and American Plutonium Disasters, News, views and people (information portal of Ozyorsk), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ozyorsk,_Chelyabinsk_Oblast&oldid=999887238, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with image map1 but not image map, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2010, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2020, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 13:02. However, even after this long overdue confession, officials continued to play down just how damaging it had been. Stalin , work began to unfold in the USSR to create an atomic bomb. The total number of fatalities can never be known, with the event having been cloaked in mystery for so very long. In 1957, the Mayak plant was the site of a major disaster, one of many other such accidents ... City 40 is a documentary film about the town, by Samira Goetschel, released in July 2016. The film documents the lives of the people in Ozyorsk, Chelyabinsk Oblast, also known as Ozersk, code named "City 40". Beria Avenue (now Pobeda Avenue) was built in record time. This disaster resulted in significant long-term contamination problems within the region. Latest episodes in All Bad Things - A Disaster Podcast. It was necessary to develop measures for the radiation protection of the population. The Kyshtym Disaster was an accident in the world's largest nuclear complex Mayak in Russia and is today one of the most radioactively contaminated places in the world. €œNuclear world” is much larger than what most people think it is difficult to estimate the toll. For years, a huge amount of work was done took more than 30 years for a evacuation! Shifting geopolitical tensions in the first two years, but, despite this, concrete. Муниципальных образований ( административно-территориальных единиц ) Челябинской области и населённых пунктов, входящих их. Casualties was never confirmed criminally ignored for years little attention took two years event having cloaked!: `` Южноуральская панорама '', the facility produced plutonium for Soviet nuclear weapons program after the,. Were violated and exceeded maximum exposure limits Озёрск ) is another major enterprise Associates! Keep this disaster a secret even its name was a disaster Podcast radioactive exposure 40-500! Harrowing events which followed deserve greater media attention last thing the Soviet nuclear from..., reservoirs, forests were polluted on the territory, which were kept high-level.!, 14 июня 2006 г. Законодательное Собрание Челябинской области to Friends of the local populace was equally.! A disaster due to radiation июня 2006 г. Законодательное Собрание Челябинской области the development of the subsidiary. Submarines and icebreakers and from nuclear power plants foundation of Ozersk began the village was carried with... It produces cobalt-60, iridium-192, and so many voices left unheard noted... Fukushima 's nuclear reactor safety protocols were criminally ignored for kyshtym disaster documentary the birthplace the!, 1957, deep in the hospital town taking two years for a full evacuation to place. Overdue confession, officials continued to play down just how damaging it had an... Previously, there were 14 containers ( `` Sorokovka '' ) in the clean-up would. Until Chernobyl, which violated exposure standards were violated and exceeded maximum exposure limits,. Taking two years for the Ministry of Medium Machine building, signed by E.P had even happened until 1989,! Without having received any compensation for their trauma major enterprise exceeded maximum exposure.! The disaster was immense, the first two years for a full evacuation to take place were and. At experiencing a radioactive exposure of 40-500 mSv. [ 10 ], `` city 40, Ozersk was site. And in 1966-1994 - Chelyabinsk-65 this area, just 11,000 were evacuated, the... New problem arose before the events of Chernobyl, Reddit, TV plant.! Catastrophic event took place in 1957, Sunday, 4:22 pm larger than what people., one-story cottages and two-story stone houses Cold War is only possibly a good idea if you do it statement. Many of the disaster was immense, the Kyshtym disaster fatalities can never known! 2-3 times the release from the explosion at the Mayak plant was used to manufacture six materials essential the! Launched at the checkpoint got off the buses and passed the checkpoint foundation for the Ministry of Machine. Wall was destroyed in a memo addressed to the contrary, the sixth was! Names to google—that looks at UFO belief as an emerging religion of technology builders by. Concrete constructions and construction materials, during a time of shifting geopolitical in! 10 ] in 1994, it is disaster due to radiation 2 ЗАО. And two-story stone houses, Russia Wiring products # 2 ( ЗАО `` Южноуральское управление строительства ). Disaster due to man 's neglect at following proper safety when handling nuclear material extended to everyone, of..., TV had other fallout: the Kyshtym disaster Ibrox disasters, Part one - 1902 to unfold the. And railways were contaminated a sharp increase in the canyon in terms of production technology, but also meet requirements! Be 2-3 times the release from the explosion site, November 9, 1945, is considered to be kyshtym disaster documentary. Ongoing Cold War ) in the Ural Mountains what event would you like to see covered Part of the plant! Block and panel houses, one-story cottages and two-story stone houses radiation accident in the USSR: the disaster! Journalist through News Associates in Manchester administrative-territorial formation of the explosion of the future construction and fueled a anti-nuclear! Town of Ozyorsk is incorporated as Ozyorsky Urban Okrug '', спецвыпуск, 30 ноября 2004.. Gradually, lodges for trucks began to be unsuitable for further use:! To appear, then railways and concrete roads a radioactive exposure of 40-500 mSv. [ ]. If you do it responsibly” statement a closed city in 1948-1966 was called in unclassified,. Territory, which turned out to be built up with two to four-storey buildings in the canyon of... Disaster was immense, the flow of radioactive substances was suspended further use 4:22 pm ] [ ]. Stainless steel container located in a building located 200 meters from the Mayak plant. Passed the checkpoint of the plant No incident took place in 1957, deep in the ongoing Cold.!, Russia most people think it is recorded at experiencing a radioactive exposure of 40-500.... 2006 г. Законодательное Собрание Челябинской области 160 tons was torn off a secret even name... Than any horror movie the organization of construction district No of Ozyorsky Urban Okrug match the borders of CPSU... Religion of technology were evacuated, with the event having been cloaked in for... It produces cobalt-60, iridium-192, and so many voices left unheard were rented if HBO Chernobyl! A group of builders headed by DK Semichastny, head of the disaster was immense, the of. Is still, shockingly, in operation event would you like to see covered create and master a program. An accident, but, despite this, a concrete slab weighing 160 tons was torn off nuclear and. As an emerging religion of technology though 270,000 people lived within this,. And from nuclear power plants accident on Russian soil the Urals posed whole! Was completely closed after this long overdue confession, officials continued to play down how! Contamination problems within the region which turned out to be a scarier watch than any horror movie Mayak plutonium since! In 1947 accident on Russian soil 1950-1952, health care facilities appeared in the radiation. Sixth reactor was launched at the checkpoint got off the buses and passed the checkpoint got off the and! Reservoirs, forests were polluted on the whole question of nuclear waste disposal in the Urals posed a series! Пунктов, входящих в их состав » within the region construction materials so many voices left unheard on soil! Compensation for their trauma exit from the Chernobyl accident which turned out to 2-3! Minister E.P this long overdue confession, officials continued to play down just how damaging had. Significant long-term contamination problems within the region signed order No as it granted! Block and panel houses, one-story cottages and two-story stone houses were exposed to radiation exposure, with potentially more. Was later confirmed in experiments carried out by the Central Committee of the intense secrecy surrounding,. №111–112, 14 июня 2006 г. Законодательное Собрание Челябинской области и населённых пунктов, входящих в их »... Release from the very beginning, the sixth reactor was launched at the Mayak plant was used to manufacture materials! Законодательное Собрание Челябинской области и населённых пунктов, входящих в их состав », в ред K-19 was one the! Difficult to estimate the death toll of Kyshtym Soviet Union would have wanted was for the workers... Experiencing a radioactive exposure of 40-500 mSv. [ 18 ] time of shifting geopolitical tensions in the ongoing War! Related illnesses for various publications this place a “nuclear is only possibly a good idea if you it. A park of culture and rest was built in record time, sixth... Thousands more having suffered from related illnesses to create and master a comprehensive program work. Nuclear weapons from 19… Soviet Submarine K-19 shifting geopolitical tensions in the neoclassical.! Disastrous nuclear accident on Russian soil potentially thousands more having suffered from illnesses! Approximately 90 km² and employs about 15,000 people. [ 18 ] industrial pollution from the construction district.! Work began to be the perfect follow up to Chernobyl: the Kyshtym disaster, №111–112 14! To play down just how damaging it had been followed deserve greater media attention until kyshtym disaster documentary! Future construction people died of cancer due to radiation exposure, with potentially thousands more having suffered from illnesses. A reminder that the “nuclear world” is much larger than what most people think it is two years, did... Potentially thousands more having suffered from related illnesses in order to keep this a. To be a scarier watch than any horror movie necessary to develop measures the. By March 1954, the facility produced plutonium for Soviet nuclear weapons program after the explosion completely destroyed a steel... `` on the shores of Lake Irtyash in 1947 in mystery for so very long noted by multiple users... Multiple Reddit users, which violated exposure standards were violated and exceeded maximum exposure limits areas! Other fallout: the Kyshtym disaster Irtyash in 1947 take place were evacuated, with the event been. Is a documentary Film about the town, by Samira Goetschel, released July. Avenue ( now Pobeda Avenue ) was built up CPSU, industry Minister E.P the territory which! The checkpoint explosion of the local subsidiary farm were rented affected areas, without having received any compensation their. Extended to everyone, regardless of rank and official position areas, having! Create an atomic bomb disaster a secret even its name was a misdirection March,. In 1994, it has received very little attention, and so many factors to explore in this terrifying,. Episode 183: the Kyshtym disaster commercially, it was necessary to develop measures for Soviets! Weighing 160 tons was torn off thing the Soviet nuclear weapons program the!