The general plan for the construction of an enterprise for the processing of weapons-grade plutonium, adopted in April 1946, provided for the construction of a residential settlement for 5 thousand people. The organization of the supply of industrial and food products, food for people on a huge construction site turned out to be far from easy. City 40 is a documentary film about the town, by Samira Goetschel, released in July 2016. The radioactive cloud passed the city of atomic scientists and passed by due to the successful location of the city - when it was laid, the wind rose was taken into account. KYSHTYM, Russia (AP) _ Here are some facts about the Kyshtym disaster of Sept. 29, 1957: The cooling system failed in a tank where radioactive waste from the Chelyabinsk-65 nuclear complex was stored. Nuclear historian, Alex Wellerstein, told UNILAD about what he believes makes this case so very interesting: Aside from the kind of straightforward aspects of Kyshtymn (government secrecy, huge radiological accident that almost nobody has heard about, etc. Slavsky wrote: “Investigating the causes of the accident on the spot, the commission believes that the main culprits of this incident are the head of the radiochemical plant and the chief engineer of this plant, who committed a gross violation of the technological regulations for the operation of storage of radioactive solutions " . In a memo addressed to the Central Committee of the CPSU, Industry Minister E.P. There is a railway station a kilometer from the village. , The plant itself covers an area of approximately 90 km² and employs about 15,000 people.. Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with six rural localities, incorporated as the Town of Ozyorsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. Again, it seems that if we have … , The Chelyabinsk region has been reported as being one of the most polluted places on Earth, having previously been a center of production of weapons-grade plutonium.. There is a current in religious studies today—D.W. They did not immediately notice the polluted streets, canteens, shops, schools, and kindergartens. On November 24, 1945, a plan was developed and the construction of the future plant and the city of Ozersk began. The Mayak is primarily engaged in reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel from the nuclear submarines and icebreakers and from nuclear power plants. An Experimental Station was created in the Urals, which played a leading role in studying the consequences of the accident and developing the necessary recommendations. The Mayak plant is still, shockingly, in operation. These populations were recorded at experiencing a radioactive exposure of 40-500 mSv.. The Mayak plant was used to manufacture six materials essential for the development of weapons-grade plutonium. On November 10, Ya. 1 of Chelyabmetallurgstroy, left for the site of the future construction. Old part of town Even though 270,000 people lived within this area, just 11,000 were evacuated, with the evacuation process taking two years. Kyshtym disaster. The builders worked in very difficult conditions. The Chernobyl disaster had other fallout: The economic and political toll hastened the end of the USSR and fueled a global anti-nuclear movement. There is strong evidence coming forward that Fukushima's nuclear reactor safety protocols were criminally ignored for years! This sent a vast cloud of radioactive dust and material up into the air, with strong winds blowing the cloud for many hundreds of miles around the surrounding area. Lenssen, "Nuclear Waste: The Problem that Won't Go Away", Worldwatch Institute, Washington, D.C., 1991: 15. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. The 'Kyshtym Accident', which happened on 29 September 1957 at the Mayak Production Association (PA) nuclear complex, located about 10 km to the east of the town of Kyshtym in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russian Federation, although rated on the International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale as one of the most severe nuclear accidents in the world, remained little known in the … Topics:Â Film and TV, Chernobyl, Reddit, TV. A Reddit thread, entitled âIf HBOâs Chernobyl was a series with a new disaster every season, what event would you like to see covered?â, highlights the understandable fascination people have with these darker aspects of human history. This day, November 9, 1945, is considered to be the date of foundation of Ozersk. And Ms Goetschel claims that one of the nearest lakes to the Mayak plant is so heavily contaminated with plutonium that locals call it the “Lake of Death” or “Plutonium Lake”. Постановление №161 от 25 мая 2006 г. For the documentary about the city, see, Radioactive contamination and the 1957 disaster, Radioactive contamination of the local population, ЗАО "Южноуральское управление строительства", Почта России. Over 10,000 people in the worst affected areas of the EURT were evacuated, and residual Sr-90 activity is still significant in some areas today. Soviet Submarine K-19. . Therefore, a number of new streets had to be laid. The Kyshtym disaster, which occurred at Mayak in Russia on 29 September 1957, was rated as a level 6 on the International Nuclear Event Scale, the third most severe incident after Chernobyl and Fukushima. Immediately after the explosion at the facilities of the chemical plant, dosimetrists noted a sharp increase in the background radiation. Subsequently, the flow of radioactive substances was suspended. National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. The radiation accident in the Urals posed a whole series of completely new tasks for science and practice. For the first builders, the buildings of the local subsidiary farm were rented. It was decades before the events at Chernobyl, during a time of shifting geopolitical tensions in the ongoing Cold War. The town's coat of arms depicts a flame-colored salamander. 11", the first workers of the plant No. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года", "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек", "The radioactive legacy of the search for plutopia", "How Chelyabinsk became synonymous with pollution", "Russian village evacuation as rocket blast sparks radiation fears: Nyonoksa residents asked to leave within a day after last week's explosion that spiked radiation levels up to 16 times", Plutopia: Nuclear Families, Atomic Cities, and the Great Soviet and American Plutonium Disasters, News, views and people (information portal of Ozyorsk), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ozyorsk,_Chelyabinsk_Oblast&oldid=999887238, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with image map1 but not image map, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2010, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2020, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 13:02. However, even after this long overdue confession, officials continued to play down just how damaging it had been. Stalin , work began to unfold in the USSR to create an atomic bomb. The total number of fatalities can never be known, with the event having been cloaked in mystery for so very long. In 1957, the Mayak plant was the site of a major disaster, one of many other such accidents ... City 40 is a documentary film about the town, by Samira Goetschel, released in July 2016. The film documents the lives of the people in Ozyorsk, Chelyabinsk Oblast, also known as Ozersk, code named "City 40". Beria Avenue (now Pobeda Avenue) was built in record time. This disaster resulted in significant long-term contamination problems within the region. Latest episodes in All Bad Things - A Disaster Podcast. It was necessary to develop measures for the radiation protection of the population. 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