1951 Waterfront Dispute One of the biggest industrial confrontations in New Zealand history (known as the 1951 Waterfront Strike or Lockout, depending on your perspective) began on 13 February 1951. Sixty years ago the biggest class struggle in New Zealand’s history broke out, it was a battle that was fought to the end. The pay dispute was the largest industrial confrontation in … Waterfront workers were unhappy with their working conditions and wages due to the current financial hardships, so up to twenty thousand of them went on strike to … Although it was not as violent as the Great Strike of 1913, it lasted longer – 151 days, from February to July – and involved more workers. For five months since the 17 th of February, 1951, New Zealand was in the throes of one of the longest and bitterest Trade Union struggles in its history. Under the pragmatic leadership of Prime Minister Peter Fraser, the Labour government introduced military conscription, industrial manpowering and a comprehensive economic stabilisation system. The struggle commenced with the lock-out of the Waterside Workers (Dockers) and the imposing of the “Waterfront Strike Emergency Regulations” and their amendments, 1951. Quote: Twenty years ago I interviewed the leading figure of the 1951 waterfront dispute. 1951 Waterside Dispute One of the biggest industrial confrontations in New Zealand history (known as the 1951 Waterfront Strike or Lockout, depending on your perspective) began on 13 February 1951. The waterfront dispute of 1951 was the biggest industrial confrontation in New Zealand’s history. Not only was it … One illustration of the implications ofthe new legislation is the waterfront dispute which began to unfoldin January 1998. 1951: Waterfront Lockout With Broderick Crawford, Betty Buehler, Richard Kiley, Otto Hulett. Chris Corrigan, 72, talks vindication, ostracism and the death of reform, and questions why the MUA would merge with a "lawless organisation", 20 years after the brutal waterfront dispute. 1951 Waterfront dispute. The 1951 waterfront dispute is one of the most widely written about industrial struggles in New Zealand history. With the dispute over, Patrick and P&O steadfastly refused to consider cutting prices for the shipping companies, preferring to cream off the profits associated with the much reduced workforce costs.17 Furthermore, the two companies continue to enjoy a stranglehold on waterfront stevedoring, with 94 per cent of all business. Prime Minister Sidney Holland‟s National government took control of the dispute, seeing an opportunity to destroy the New Zealand Waterside Workers Union (NZWWU), which was a militant union in a key sector of the economy. The 1951 waterfront dispute was an epoch in New Zealand history. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. Andersen was at the heart of the 1951 waterfront dispute (during which New Zealand briefly became a police state) and fought all of his life for workers and Māori rights, she tells Jesse Mulligan. Protest and reform It was chartered to ensure that goods could still be shipped around New Zealand during the waterfront dispute of 1951. 1951 waterfront dispute. There were a wide range of economic, political and social causes to the waterfront dispute, and the event left leaving a bitter legacy that lingers to today as historians argue and debate the controversies and ambiguity of the event and the actions of those individuals and groups who have taken part in the dispute. The 1951 confrontation was the culmination of decades of unrest on the wharves. The strike actions by the waterside workers lasted for 151-days, starting from 13 February to 15 July 1951. Politics and government Their employers locked them out of the workplace, and the government banned union meetings and publications. It was illegal even to give food to strikers’ children. The 1951 Waterfront Dispute was the largest and the longest industrial actions in the wharves and it was the closest that New Zealand had come to a nationwide general strike. For five months from mid-­February 1951, watersiders were locked-­out and miners, seamen, freezing workers and others went on strike in support of the … The 1951 Waterfront Dispute was the biggest and most prevalent industrial dispute New Zealand had ever seen. The 1951 waterfront lockout is probably the most famous industrial dispute in New Zealand history, although it wasn’t the largest-scale such dispute. Confrontation '51;: The 1951 waterfront dispute The 1951 waterfront dispute The Second World War saw an unprecedented expansion of government control over the lives of New Zealanders. The miners, the Wellington freezing workers, the New Zealand Federated Seamen’s Union struck as … Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. As a member of the Auckland Carpenter's Union, Basil Holmes experienced first hand (and also filmed) some of the key moments and most disturbing developments of the 1951 Waterfront … The struggle commenced with the lock-out of the Waterside Workers (Dockers) and the imposing of the "Waterfront Strike Emergency Regulations" and their amendments, 1951. Civil liberties were curtailed, freedom of speech denied, and people could be imprisoned for providing food to those involved. Auckland trade unionist, communist and outspoken Robert Muldoon opponent Bill Andersen (1924 - 2005) is remembered in a new biography by Dr Cybèle Locke. to 1951, industrial conflict on the waterfront was triggered by disagreements over the payment of dirt money, the union’s safety concerns, wages and, as Green points out, the struggle for control.9 The waterfront dispute began in February 1951 as a disagreement over wages, but quickly escalated into At its peak, 22,000 waterside workers (wharfies) and other unionists were off the job (out of the country's population of just under two million). The thesis examines families in order to write a gendered social history of the 1951 waterfront dispute. Women and children felt some of the worst effects of the emergency regulations introduced during the 1951 waterfront dispute. This award-winning documentary tells the story of the 1951 lockout of waterside workers, and what followed: an extended nationwide strike, confrontation and censorship. The opposing sides denounced each other as Nazis, Commies, traitors and terrorists. Historians argue that th 1951 Waterfront Dispute is the biggest industrial confrontation in New Zealand labour history. [1] Nevertheless, for five months, from February to July 1951, thousands of waterside workers and their blue-collar working class allies in the meat works, on the ships and in transport, the mines and elsewhere resisted government and employer attempts to crush … Although it was not as violent as the 1913 Waterfront Strike that occurred in key ports of Wellington, Auckland and Chrischurch, it involved more workers and had lasted longer. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Randy Craig Wolfe (February 20, 1951 – January 2, 1997), known as Randy California, was an American guitarist, singer and songwriter and one of the original members of the rock group Spirit, formed in 1967. New Zealand was emerging from the Second World War and the Government offered a wage increase to … The Government's industrial relations policyregarded the awards and orders of t… The 1951 waterfront dispute was the biggest industrial confrontation in New Zealand’s history. The dispute took place in a climate of Cold War suspicion. The year was dominated by the 1951 New Zealand waterfront dispute. The dispute was a family event as well as an industrial event. New Zealand entered a mutual defence pact with the United States and Australia – ANZUS. A wage dispute between the waterside workers union and management resulted in a lock-out of union members from the wharves, which then came to a standstill. A dispute over the boat from 'Sea of Cortez' ... where they caroused in waterfront bars, poked through tide pools, identified dozens of new species of sea life and collaborated on “Sea of … 1974, First day of competition at Christchurch Commonwealth Games, Home The New Zealand's population at the time was just under 2 million. The 151 days of the 1951 Waterfront Dispute was a longest serious industrial action ever taken in New Zealand and involved more people than any other strike in our history. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. 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However, at the intersection of Cuba and Dixon Street in Wellington, they were blocked by 100 baton-welding police. Although it was not as violent as the Great Strike of 1913, it lasted longer – 151 days, from February to July – and involved more workers. The 1951 waterfront dispute. This country’s two largest strikes prior to 1951 – in 1890 and 1913 – were both largely centred on the wharves. Waterfront Enterprises, Inc., doing business as Newport Landing Restaurant (appellant), appeals from a decision of the Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control1 which conditionally overruled protests against, and granted, subject to certain conditions, its application for a premises-to-premises transfer of an on-sale general Labour MP Mabel Howard called the dispute ‘a war on women’, 1 because the wives of strikers had to survive with no income, and it was illegal for anyone to help them. It lasted 151 days, and at its peak involved 22,000 workers … It lasted 151 days, and at its peak involved 22,000 workers clashing violently with the New Zealand government. The waterfront dispute of 1951 was the biggest industrial confrontation in New Zealand’s history. At the height of the dispute, around 22,000 workers were involved in the industrial actions across the key ports of New Zealand with members of unions from different industries such as coal miners, freezing workers, seamen, hydroelectric power workers, drivers and railwaymen, joining in the strike in protest against the government’s actions. It polarised politics and split the union movement, leaving a bitter legacy that lingers to this day. The men were fathers, husbands, brothers and sons, and their lack of wages affected the family that they lived with and their wider kin networks. Case Study Details Between February and July of 1951, up to 22,000 waterfront workers (wharfies) in New Zealand struck for better pay and shorter workings hours. At its peak, 22,000 waterside workers (wharfies) and other unionists were off the job, out of the country's population of just under two million. Over 22,000 members of the Waterside Workers Union and other sympathetic unions were involved. This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team. On 2nd May 1951, 1000 members of militant unions(waterside workers, seaman, freezing workers and other supporters) set from the Wellington Trades Hall intending to march to Parliament. In reality, he is put undercover to identify the mysterious boss of the NY waterfront who has murdered everyone in … Don't Scab! (1) Legislation becameeffective in early 1997. The 1951 New Zealand Waterfront is claimed by historians to largest and most widespread industrial action in New Zealand history. The dispute, sometimes referred to as the "waterfront lockout" or "waterfront strike", lasted for 151 days from February to July in 1951, and involved up to 20,000 strikers. Confrontation '51;: The 1951 waterfront dispute [Bassett, Michael] on Amazon.com. The Coalition was elected to government in March1996 having made commitments to the electorate to improveefficiency and the labour market by substantially restructuringindustrial relations, particularly by offering greater choice inmany aspects of industrial relations. Directed by Robert Parrish. The 1951 waterfront lockout began, in February 1951, as a dispute between ship-owners and watersiders over wages. Jock was 84 years old, and still “going strong”. The 1951 Waterfront Dispute polarized New Zealand government and politics and split the union movement. It lasted 151 days, and 22,000 New Zealanders were affected by the lockouts and associated strikes. During World War II, the New Zealand government played a much larger role in peoples’ lives than it ever had before. By 1951 the waterfront workers supported the Trade Union Congress, a group that had splintered away from the main union, the Federation of Labour. Tony Hill, vice-president of Waterside Workers' Union and Tommy Wells, another waterside leader, persuaded the unionists to disperse to avoid further violence, after  scuffles broke out between constables and the leading ranks of marchers. The combatants could not even agree on what to call the dispute – the employers and government described it as a strike, but to the waterside workers it was a lockout. It lasted 151 days, from February to July 1951. In 1951, New Zealand temporarily became a police state. The 1951 Waterfront represented a clash and a power struggle between the state, the employers and waterside workers. 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